There are frescoes unearthed among Pompeii ruins

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A banquet room replete with well preserved frescoes depicting characters inspired by the Trojan war has been unearthed among the ruins of Pompeii in what has been described as one of the most striking discoveries ever made at the southern Italy archaeological site.
Its walls are adorned with artworks featuring mythical Greek characters, including one of Helen of Troy meeting Paris, prince of Troy, for the first time.
The fresco includes a dog and a Greek inscription that reads “Alexandros”, the prince’s other name.
According to Greek legend, the pair’s elopement triggered the Trojan war in the 12th century BC.
Another fresco depicts the Greek god Apollo trying to woo the priestess Cassandra.
Archaeologists said the figurines provided evidence of pagan rituals in Pompeii before the city was destroyed by Vesuvius.
The Pompeii ruins were discovered in the 16th century, with the first excavations beginning in 1748.
Pompeii is the second most-visited archaeological site in the world.


One of the most remarkable finds ever made at the southern Italian archaeological site of Pompeii is a banquet room full of well-preserved frescoes that portray characters from the Trojan War.

The room, measuring 15 meters in length and 6 meters in width, was discovered during excavations in the Regio IX area of the site. It was once a private residence located on Via di Nola, the longest road in ancient Pompeii.

Referred to as the “black room” due to the color of its walls, which was presumably chosen to conceal the soot from oil lamps burning, experts described it as a “refined setting for entertaining during convivial moments.”.

Legendary Greek figures are depicted in artwork that hangs on the walls, such as the first meeting between Helen of Troy and Paris, the prince of Troy. The other name of the prince, “Alexandros,” is written in Greek beneath a dog in the fresco. Greek legend holds that the couple’s elopement in the 12th century BC set off the Trojan War.

An additional mural portrays the Greek deity Apollo attempting to court the priestess Cassandra. Apollo tried to woo her by giving her the ability to see into the future, but when she refused him, he cursed her, making it impossible for anyone to take her prophecies seriously. She therefore failed to stop the terrible outcomes of a battle she had predicted. Cassandra was raped during Troy’s capture and ultimately sold into slavery.

Director of Pompeii’s Archaeological Park Gabriel Zuchtriegel stated that the purpose of the mythological characters was specifically to amuse guests and give conversation starters at feasts.

He claimed that “the mythological couples provided ideas for conversations about the past, and life, only seemingly of a merely romantic nature.”. As gods, Apollo cannot guarantee victory, so he sides with the Trojans against the Greek invaders; Helen and Paris, despite their politically incorrect love affair, are the cause of the war, or perhaps it is just a pretext. In actuality, they speak to the relationship between the individual and fate. “.

“After sunset, people would get together for dinner; the flickering light from the lamps gave the impression that the images were moving, especially after a few glasses of fine Campanian wine,” he continued. “.

Between 15 BC and AD 40–50, the artworks belong to the ornate or “third style” category.

Although it’s never easy to assess quality, Zuchtriegel noted that there is a great deal of attention to expression, shadows, and detail. Both this and the subject matter of the works are incredibly striking. “.

Over a million tiny white tiles make up the sophisticated mosaic floor of the room.

The room opens onto a courtyard that has a long staircase that goes up to the first floor of the house, where there is a massive pile of construction materials. Two gladiator pairs and what archaeologists described as “an enormous stylized phallus” had been drawn in charcoal on the staircase’s arches.

Since they started in February of last year, excavations in Regio IX, a part of the city that had housed a small number of homes and workshops, have produced a number of additional discoveries. Among them was a house that contained a small bakery where it was thought that enslaved people had been held captive and used as laborers to make bread.

One of the bakery’s rooms contained the remains of three people who perished in Mount Vesuvius’ eruption in AD 79. There was also a still-life fresco on a hallway wall in the house that looked like a pizza. Thirteen Nativity-style statuettes were discovered in December, likely on a shelf in a home’s hallway, standing upright. Before Vesuvius destroyed Pompeii, the figurines, according to archaeologists, offered proof of paganism.

“We find something beautiful and significant every time we dig at Pompeii—it’s like a treasure chest that never gets old,” said Gennaro Sangiuliano, the Italian minister of culture.

First excavations of the Pompeii ruins started in 1748, after they were found in the sixteenth century. The world’s second-most-visited archaeological site is Pompeii.

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