South Africa is celebrating 30 years after the end of apartheid

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The ANC has been in power ever since the first democratic, all-race election of April 27, 1994, the vote that officially ended apartheid.
“South Africa changed forever.
After apartheid fell, a constitution was adopted guaranteeing the rights of all South Africans no matter their race, religion, gender or sexuality.
More than 16 million South Africans — 25% of the country — rely on monthly welfare grants for survival.
South Africa is still the most unequal country in the world in terms of wealth distribution, according to the World Bank, with race a key factor.
While the damage of apartheid remains difficult to undo, the ANC is increasingly being blamed for South Africa’s current problems.
In the week leading up to the anniversary, countless South Africans were asked what 30 years of freedom from apartheid meant to them.
It’s also poignant that many South Africans who never experienced apartheid and are referred to as “Born Frees” are now old enough to vote.


He also addressed the audience in his capacity as the leader of the African National Congress party, which is largely recognized for having freed the Black majority in South Africa from the racist oppressive system that turned the nation into an outsider for almost fifty years.

Since the vote that officially put an end to apartheid on April 27, 1994, in a democratic all-race election, the African National Congress (ANC) has been in power.

This year’s Freedom Day celebration commemorating that day, however, took place against a poignant backdrop: polls and analysts indicate that the party once led by Nelson Mandela is expected to lose its parliamentary majority for the first time as a new generation of South Africans voices their opinions in what could be the most significant election since 1994 next month.

In a speech centered on the nostalgia of 1994—the year that Black people were finally given the right to vote, the ANC—which had previously been banned—swept to power and Nelson Mandela became the first Black president of the United States—Ramaphosa declared, “Few days in the life of our nation can compare to that day, when freedom was born.”. “South Africa underwent permanent change. It was a momentous occasion that reverberated throughout Africa and the world, marking a new chapter in the history of our country. “.

“All of South Africa’s people had their dignity restored on that day,” declared Ramaphosa.

In addition to acknowledging the significant issues of extreme poverty and inequality that still plague South Africa thirty years later, the president—who was standing in front of a banner bearing the word “Freedom”—also noted that these concerns will dominate the election on May 29. Ramaphosa acknowledged that there had been “setbacks.”. “.

Prior to the 1994 election, Black and other non-White people in South Africa were denied access to most fundamental liberties, including the ability to vote. Their living conditions, daily activities, and employment opportunities were all governed by laws. The rights of every South African, regardless of color, religion, gender, or sexual orientation, were guaranteed by a constitution that was adopted following the end of apartheid.

The lives of millions of people in South Africa, who are predominantly Black and account for over 80% of the country’s 62 million inhabitants, have not been appreciably improved despite this, as they continue to live in extreme poverty.

With the highest unemployment rate in the world at 32%, the official rate for young people between the ages of 15 and 24 is over 60%. Twenty-five percent of South Africans, or over 16 million people, depend on monthly welfare grants to survive.

According to the World Bank, South Africa remains the most unequally distributed country in the world in terms of wealth, with race playing a significant role.

The ANC is increasingly held responsible for South Africa’s current issues, even though the effects of apartheid are still difficult to reverse.

Many South Africans were questioned about the significance of 30 years of apartheid freedom in the week preceding the anniversary. Although 1994 was a historic year, the general consensus was that in 2024, South Africa’s problems with unemployment, violent crime, corruption, and the almost complete breakdown of essential utilities like water and electricity would eclipse any historical achievements.

Another poignant aspect of this is that a large number of South Africans, known as “Born Frees,” who were not alive during apartheid, are now old enough to vote.

A group of young Black South Africans, who support the Rise Mzansi political party and were born after 1994, were wearing T-shirts that read, “2024 is our 1994,” outside the tent where Ramaphosa spoke in front of mostly dignitaries and politicians. In the election that takes place next month, their message was that they were searching for a different kind of change for their future, one that went beyond the ANC.

“They have no idea of what took place prior to 1994. Seth Mazibuko, a prominent anti-apartheid activist from the 1970s and an older Rise Mzansi supporter, stated, “They don’t know.”.

The youth behind Mazibuko have been directly affected by the second-worst youth unemployment rate in the world, behind Djibouti. “Let us agree that we messed up,” he said, referring to the past 30 years.”.

“Next month’s elections present a fresh opportunity,” he continued. “.

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