Europeans detail Iran’s nuclear violations

Ars Technica

UNITED NATIONS, June 6 (Reuters) – Three European powers have written to the U.N. Security Council detailing Iran’s violations of its 2015 nuclear deal, a step diplomats said on Thursday aimed to pressure Tehran to resolve the issue diplomatically and to avoid reimposing U.N. sanctions.
In its own letter, Iran rejected the European stance, noting then-U.S. President Donald Trump reneged on the nuclear deal in 2018 and re-imposed U.S. economic sanctions on Iran, arguing they were within their rights to expand their nuclear work.
The E3 letter, which was dated June 3, referred to a report by the U.N. nuclear watchdog last month that cited Iran’s nuclear advances violating the 2015 deal, including by expanding its stockpile and production rates of high enriched uranium.
That deal, struck with the E3, China, Russia and the United States, limited Iran’s ability to enrich uranium, a process that can yield fissile material for nuclear weapons.
In return, the U.S., U.N. and European Union eased sanctions on Iran.
“Iran’s nuclear escalation has hollowed out the JCPOA, reducing its nonproliferation value,” said the E3 letter seen by Reuters, referring to the 2015 deal formally called the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
The aim is to “take stock of Iran’s nuclear advances, which have become unacceptable and are getting worse, and to increase pressure within the Security Council,” said a source familiar with the letter.
The Security Council is due to discuss his next report on June 24.


Reuters, UNITED NATIONS, June 6 – Three European nations have written to the U. Not N. details of Iran’s transgressions of the 2015 nuclear agreement, a move diplomats said on Thursday was intended to put pressure on Tehran to settle the dispute diplomatically and refrain from reimposing U.S. Not N. penalties.

While the British, French, and German letter mentioned that the United States could “snap back” sanctions, it did not specifically threaten to do so. Not N. This authority was granted by Security Council Resolution 2231, which established the nuclear agreement and expires on October. 18, 2025.

Iran rejected the European position in its own letter, pointing out that the then-U. S. In 2018, U.S. sanctions were reinstated after President Donald Trump broke the nuclear deal. S. economic sanctions, claiming that Iran had the right to increase the scope of its nuclear research.

The informal E3—Britain, France, and Germany—was also making an effort to increase pressure this week at the International Atomic Energy Agency, where they were successful in pushing a resolution critical of Iran despite U.S. s. with reservations.

The June 3rd, E3 letter mentioned a U.S. report. N. a nuclear watchdog last month that pointed out Iran’s nuclear advancements as a breach of the 2015 agreement, particularly by increasing its uranium stockpile and production rates.

Iran’s ability to enrich uranium—a process that can produce fissile material for nuclear weapons—was restricted by the agreement reached with the E3, China, Russia, and the United States. In exchange, the U.S. s. U.S. Not N. and the EU loosened the sanctions against Iran.

After the militant Hamas group, which receives Iranian support, attacked southern Israel on October, tensions with Iran have escalated. 7. Additional Iranian proxies have assaulted U.S. S. targets in Israel and other Western countries, Tehran has quickened its nuclear program while restricting U.S. Not N. The ability of the nuclear watchdog to keep an eye on it.

The 2015 agreement formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action was described in an E3 letter obtained by Reuters as having been “hollowed out by Iran’s nuclear escalation, reducing its nonproliferation value.”.

Iran’s choice to implement corrective actions was entirely consistent with its natural right dot. due to the illegal, unilateral withdrawal of the United States, Iran’s U.S. N. ambassador stated in a letter viewed by Reuters on June 5.

The aim of the E3 letter, according to Western diplomats and other sources familiar with it, was to try to put more pressure on Iran within the Security Council and buy some time for a diplomatic solution before their “snap back” power to reimpose U.S. sanctions expires next year. N. sanctions imposed on Iran.

“Take stock of Iran’s nuclear advances, which have become unacceptable and are getting worse, and to increase pressure within the Security Council,” is the stated goal, according to a source familiar with the communications.

U. N. The Council receives reports from Secretary-General Antonio Guterres twice a year, usually in June and December, regarding the execution of the 2015 resolution. On June 24, the Security Council is scheduled to discuss his upcoming report.

The letter might be a means of setting the stage for a future “snap back” of U.S. authority, according to Daryl Kimball, executive director of the nonprofit Arms Control Association. Not N. sanctions, he emphasized that there is still hope for a diplomatic resolution.

“The October 2025 date mentioned in the E3 is when the option to reclaim U.S. N. Kimball stated, “Sanctions expire, and their communication to the Security Council suggests they are simply trying to establish the legal basis for possibly reimposing sanctions on Iran at a later date.”.

But given the circumstances, particularly following the U.S. S. Withdrawing from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) would probably not persuade Iran to cooperate but rather cause it to escalate, possibly even leading to its withdrawal from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (“NPT”).

Arshad Mohammed wrote the article, Daniel Wallis edited it, and Michelle Nichols reported from Omaha Beach, France, the United Nations, and Washington.

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