6 questions about the holiday and how Muslims celebrate it

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At the middle of June, Muslims will celebrate Eid al-Adha.
There are two major eids in the Islamic calendar per year – Eid al-Fitr earlier in the year and Eid al-Adha later.
Eid al-Fitr is a three-day-long festival and is known as the “Lesser” or “Smaller Eid” when compared to Eid al-Adha, which is four days long and is known as the “Greater Eid.”
How do Muslims celebrate Eid al-Fitr?
In places like Jordan, with its Muslim majority population, the days before Eid al-Fitr can see a rush at local malls and special “Ramadan markets” as people prepare to exchange gifts on Eid al-Fitr.
How do Muslims celebrate Eid al-Adha?
During Eid al-Adha, Muslims slaughter an animal to remember Ibrahim’s sacrifice and remind themselves of the need to submit to the will of God.
Amid the reflection and rejoicing, Eid al-Fitr is a time for charity, known as Zakat al-Fitr.

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Ken Chitwood is a journalist-fellow at the Dornsife Center for Religion and Civic Culture at the University of Southern California Dornsife College of Letters, Arts, and Sciences, as well as a senior research fellow at the Muslim Philanthropy Initiative at Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis.

One of the main Islamic holidays, Eid al-Fitr, will fall on April 9, 2024, according to the Fiqh Council of North America. Muslims celebrate Eid al-Adha in the middle of June. The two Islamic festivals are explained by global Islam expert Ken Chitwood.

1. How does Eid occur?

In Arabic, the word “Eid” literally means “festival” or “feast.”. In the Islamic calendar, there are two major eids: Eid al-Fitr, which falls earlier in the year, and Eid al-Adha, which falls later.

Known as the “Lesser” or “Smaller Eid,” Eid al-Fitr is a three-day celebration, while Eid al-Adha is a four-day event known as the “Greater Eid.”. “.

2. Why does Eid occur twice a year?

The two Eids honor, commemorate, and remember two unique occasions that are important to the history of Islam.

“The feast of breaking the fast” is what Eid al-Fitr is known for. This time, the fast is Ramadan, which commemorates the revelation of the Quran to Prophet Muhammad and calls on Muslims to abstain from eating and drinking for a full month.

Three. For Muslims, how is Eid al-Fitr observed?

Two to three days of festivities, including unique morning prayers, are devoted to celebrating Eid al-Fitr. “Eid Mubarak,” which translates to “Blessed Eid,” and formal embraces are used to welcome one another. Treats are made for the underprivileged and kids, and sweets are made at home. Furthermore, Muslims are exhorted to ask for and grant forgiveness. Countries have different customs.

Eid al-Fitr is a national holiday in many nations where the majority population is Muslim. To enable family, friends, and neighbors to enjoy the festivities together, businesses, offices, and schools are closed on this holiday. Within the U. S. together with the U. K. Muslims are free to ask to take the day off from work or school in order to travel or celebrate with friends and family.

Muslims adorn their homes with lanterns, sparkling lights, or flowers in nations like Pakistan and Egypt. Celebrate by preparing special food and inviting friends and family over.

There’s a rush at local malls and special “Ramadan markets” in places like Jordan, where the majority population is Muslim, in the days leading up to Eid al-Fitr as people get ready to exchange gifts.

In Turkish, it’s also called the “Lesser Bayram,” or “festival,” in Turkey and in regions that were formerly under the Ottoman-Turkish empire, including Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Azerbaijan, and the Caucasus.

4. When is Eid al-Adha celebrated by Muslims?

“Feast of the sacrifice” is the name of the other festival, Eid al-Adha. “It occurs at the conclusion of the Hajj, which is an obligatory annual pilgrimage by millions of Muslims to the Saudi Arabian holy city of Mecca—a once-in-a-lifetime event reserved for the wealthy.

On Eid al-Adha, people remember how God asked Abraham to sacrifice his son Ismail as a sign of faith. The narrative, as told in the Quran, depicts Satan’s attempt to seduce Ibrahim into disobeying God’s will. But Ibrahim doesn’t seem to care and tells Ismail, who is prepared to be sacrificed.

Ismail is sacrificed in favor of a ram when God steps in just as Ibrahim is about to murder his son. Muslims slaughter an animal in remembrance of Ibrahim’s sacrifice and as a reminder to submit to God’s will on Eid al-Adha.

5. On what date are they observed?

In the Islamic calendar, the first day of the tenth month is designated as Eid al-Fitr.

The Islamic calendar’s tenth day of the last month is designated as the day of Eid al-Adha.

Based on lunar phases, dates are determined in the Islamic calendar, which is a lunar calendar. The dates of Ramadan and Eid on the Gregorian calendar can change from year to year because the Islamic calendar year is 10–12 days shorter than the solar Gregorian calendar year.

6. What does Eid al-Fitr represent spiritually?

Since Eid al-Fitr falls after Ramadan, it is also regarded as a spiritual celebration of Allah’s provision of fortitude and perseverance.

Eid al-Fitr is a time for charity, or Zakat al-Fitr, amid the contemplation and celebration. As well as a time to share wealth, Eid is supposed to bring happiness and blessings to the whole Muslim community.

One of Islam’s most important values is charity toward the underprivileged. It says in the Quran.

“Have faith in Allah and His Messenger, and donate alms from the wealth that Allah has bestowed upon you. There is a wonderful reward for those of you who give charity and believe. ****.

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