The United States has its first large offshore wind farm


Danish wind energy developer Ørsted and the utility Eversource built a 12-turbine wind farm called South Fork Wind 35 miles east of Montauk Point, New York.
America’s first commercial-scale offshore wind farm is officially open, a long-awaited moment that helps pave the way for a succession of large wind farms.
The Biden administration has approved six commercial-scale offshore wind energy projects, and auctioned lease areas for offshore wind for the first time off the Pacific and Gulf of Mexico coasts.
South Fork can generate 132 megawatts of offshore wind energy to power more than 70,000 homes.
Ørsted CEO Mads Nipper called the opening a major milestone that proves large offshore wind farms can be built, both in the United States and in other countries with little or no offshore wind energy currently.
Revolution Wind will be Rhode Island and Connecticut’s first commercial-scale offshore wind farm, capable of powering more than 350,000 homes next year.
AdvertisementThe first US offshore wind farm was supposed to be a project off Massachusetts known as Cape Wind.
Industry leaders expect 2024 to be a better year, as interest rates come down and states ask for more offshore wind to meet their climate goals.
The nation’s second large offshore wind farm, Vineyard Wind, is expected to open later this year off the coast of Massachusetts, too.
AdvertisementThe Biden administration wants enough offshore wind energy to power 10 million homes by 2030.

For the industry, reaching commercial scale marks a turning point. According to experts, in order to combat climate change, the country needs to significantly expand its use of this kind of clean electricity.

35 miles east of Montauk Point, New York, is South Fork Wind, a 12-turbine wind farm developed by Danish wind energy developer Ørsted and utility Eversource. In an announcement that the turbines are providing clean power to the regional electric grid, Governor Kathy Hochul traveled to Long Island on Thursday, effectively turning on the future by flipping a sizable light switch. Additionally present was Interior Secretary Deb Haaland.

It has been long anticipated and helps to pave the way for a series of massive wind farms when America’s first commercial-scale offshore wind farm officially opens.

Promoting something.

Plans at the federal and state levels to switch to an electricity system devoid of carbon emissions center on offshore wind. In addition to approving six commercial-scale offshore wind energy projects, the Biden administration held the first-ever offshore wind lease auction off the coasts of the Pacific and Gulf of Mexico. In order to power more than a million homes, New York selected two more projects last month.

According to Hochul, this is just the beginning. According to her, South Fork’s completion demonstrates that New York will actively seek climate change solutions in order to protect future generations from a potentially dangerous future. The offshore wind energy produced by South Fork has the capacity to power over 70,000 homes with 132 megawatts.

Although it’s wonderful to be first, we want to make sure we’re not last. In a prior interview, Hochul stated, “That’s why we’re moving forward and on to other projects, and why we’re demonstrating to other states how it can be done.”.

Hochul continued, “This is the day and the time that people will look back on our country’s history and say, ‘This is when it changed.'”.

Promoting something.

When it comes to power generation, South Fork will surpass the output of a five-turbine pilot project that was previously developed off the coast of Rhode Island. Additionally, unlike that subsidized test project, South Fork was developed after Ørsted and Eversource were selected through a competitive bidding process to supply power to Long Island.

The CEO of Ørsted, Mads Nipper, hailed the opening as a significant achievement that shows big offshore wind farms can be constructed in other nations that presently have little or no offshore wind energy.

After completing South Fork, Ørsted and Eversource are focusing on the work they will undertake offshore starting in the spring for a wind farm that is more than five times its size. Next year, Revolution Wind, which can power over 350,000 homes, will be the first offshore wind farm built on a commercial scale in Rhode Island and Connecticut. In Rhode Island, work has already begun on the location where the cable will connect.

For the purpose of powering 600,000 homes, the state of New York announced last month that it would be negotiating a contract with Ørsted and Eversource for an even larger wind farm, Dawn Wind. For its Empire Wind 1 project, which will power over 500,000 homes in New York, Equinor, a Norwegian company, was chosen. In 2026, both want to begin supplying electricity.

2024 is a year of action—building projects that will supply significant amounts of clean power to the grid—after years of planning and development, according to David Hardy, group executive vice president and CEO at Ørsted Americas.

In 2008, Ørsted, formerly known as DONG Energy, for Danish Oil and Natural Gas began constructing wind farms in an aggressive manner off the coasts of Germany, the United Kingdom, and Denmark. Ørsted was formed when the company divested itself of its identity-defining North Sea oil and gas holdings in favor of concentrating on clean energy. Currently, it is among the largest developers of wind energy.


Cape Wind, a project off the coast of Massachusetts, was intended to be the first offshore wind farm in the United States. The project was first proposed in 2001 by a developer in Massachusetts. Years of local opposition and litigation finally caused it to fail.

As a trial project, turbines started to spin off Block Island, Rhode Island, in 2016. It’s not a wind farm on a commercial scale, though, as there are only five of them.

Ørsted and other developers canceled projects in the Northeast last year, citing financial difficulties for the fledgling US offshore wind industry. As developers strove to open the first sizable offshore wind farms, high inflation, disruptions in the supply chain, and the growing cost of capital and building materials caused projects to become more costly.

Industry insiders predict that 2024 will be a better year due to falling interest rates and state requests for increased offshore wind energy in order to meet climate targets.

Vineyard Wind, the country’s second-largest offshore wind farm, is anticipated to open off the coast of Massachusetts later this year. A little over 30,000 homes and businesses in Massachusetts are powered by the first five turbines. Upon full rotation, the 62 turbines will produce an adequate amount of electricity to power 400,000 homes and businesses. The joint owners of that project are Avangrid and Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners.


By 2030, the Biden administration hopes to have enough offshore wind energy to power ten million homes. “America’s clean energy transition is not a dream for a distant future—it’s happening right here and right now,” stated Interior Secretary Haaland. “.

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