“We proved that the Einstein field equation from general relativity is actually a relativistic quantum mechanical equation,” the researchers note in their study.

The disconnect between relativity and the quantum world Einstein’s theory of general relativity explains how gravity works.

So, instead of thinking of gravity as an invisible force pulling objects together, general relativity shows that objects move along curves in the warped space around them.

Quantum physics, on the other side, is concerned with the study of the unusual behavior of the tiniest particles in the universe.

Until now, scientists have failed to reconcile general relativity and quantum physics because the two theories describe the universe in fundamentally different ways.

For example, general relativity predicts a black hole’s core is infinitely dense, while quantum physics suggests such infinities can’t exist.

Bridging the gap between relativity and quantum physics General relativity works well for large-scale objects, while quantum physics accurately describes microscopic phenomena, but what’s the need to unite them?

This is important because many concepts such as black holes or the Big Bang are probably results of the conditions where both quantum physics and general relativity played a role.

Second, one can not fully understand the science behind quantum gravity, Hawking radiation, string theory, and various other phenomena without connecting the dots between the theory of general relativity and quantum physics.

This equation mathematically proved that the Einstein Field Equation related to the theory of relativity is equal to the quantum equation.

For the first time, a mathematical model demonstrates how general relativity, which describes how space, time, and gravity relate to one another, and quantum physics, which studies how electrons, photons, and other basic particles behave.

The researchers write in their study, “We proved that the Einstein field equation from general relativity is actually a relativistic quantum mechanical equation.”.

To put it simply, this new framework establishes a connection between the science governing the microscopic world and the macroscopic world.

As a result, it can account for every known physical phenomenon, from the photons released by your phone’s flashlight to the enigmatic dark matter in space.

According to the researchers, “no universally acknowledged theory has been put forth to explain all physical observations to date.”. They contend that their theory has the power to upend accepted physics and alter our perception of the cosmos.

the gap that exists between the quantum world and relativity.

Gravity is explained by Einstein’s general theory of relativity. According to this theory, massive objects such as planets, stars, or galaxies cause the space and time surrounding them to bend, much like a heavy ball on a trampoline. We experience gravity as a result of this bending.

Therefore, general relativity demonstrates that objects move along curves in the warped space around them, refuting the idea that gravity is an invisible force that draws objects together. The gravitational pull increases with an object’s mass and how much it bends space.

On the other hand, the study of the peculiar behavior of the smallest particles in the universe is the focus of quantum physics.

Until we measure them, for example, it looks into how particles like electrons can exist in multiple states or locations simultaneously (superposition). The objects we frequently work with do not exhibit this kind of peculiar behavior.

General relativity and quantum physics describe the universe in fundamentally different ways, which is why scientists have not been able to reconcile them until now. It was challenging to combine both ideas into a single framework because their applications to the same problems yielded inconsistent results, as in the case of black holes.

A black hole’s core, for instance, is predicted by general relativity to be infinitely dense, but quantum physics indicates that such infinities are impossible.

separating quantum physics from relativity.

There are two main reasons why general relativity and quantum physics should be combined: first, while both theories are useful for explaining large-scale objects, they are not very good at explaining microscopic phenomena. First, integrating these would offer a comprehensive understanding of the universe at every scale.

This is significant because many theories, including the Big Bang and black holes, are likely products of circumstances involving the combined influence of general relativity and quantum physics. It takes a theory that incorporates both to comprehend them.

Second, without making the connections between general relativity and quantum physics, one cannot fully comprehend the science underlying quantum gravity, Hawking radiation, string theory, and many other phenomena.

In order to connect them, the scientists created a mathematical framework that “Redefined the mass and charge of leptons (basic particles) in terms of the interactions between the field’s energy and spacetime’s curvature.”. “.

The resulting formula is invariant with respect to any Planck scale and covariant in space-time. As a result, the researchers conclude that there are only two constants in the universe: Planck length and Planck time.

This equation provided mathematical evidence for the equality of the quantum equation and the Einstein Field Equation, which is connected to the theory of relativity. According to the study’s authors, it can provide light on a number of previously unanswered mysteries.

For example, it could clarify what happened during the Big Bang, why black holes don’t collapse, and how space-time entanglement functions.

Furthermore, “The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) has recently observed a number of phenomena, including galaxies that had previously existed 300 million years after the big bang and were previously thought to be nonexistent.”. The researchers claimed that their theory adequately explained the phenomenon.